The Taj Mahal or the “Crown of Palaces” is a white marble mausoleum located on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in the Indian City of Agra. It was commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan to house the tomb of his favorite wife of three, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is regarded by many as the best example of Mughal Architecture and is widely recognized as “The Jewel of Muslim Art in India”. It is one of the world’s most celebrated structures and a symbol of India’s rich history. It was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983.